Meet the Different Types of Woodworking Clamps
One of the woodworking tools that will be handy in your woodworking kit are clamps. A woodworking clamp serves mainly two purposes, first, it holds two pieces of wood together to prevent the wood from slipping when working on it, which makes the task of assembling easier.
Clamps also help in fastening woods to workbenches to prevent them from moving when you are gluing, chiseling and drilling them.
Also Read: How to Cut Wood Slices with a Chainsaw
Woodworking Clamps Types
If you have many woodworking projects, then you will need various types of clamps. It is because each clamp has a specific design. Each clamp functions slightly different from other clamps and none can do all types of clamping.
However, if you are on a budget, or you are not a full time professional in the woodworking industry, then you can select a few clamps that you can be using for doing your jobs. In this regard, it is advisable to get a miter clamp and several C-clamps.
Here are some of the most popular clamps and how they work.
They are called C-Clamps because their bodies are curved like a C. There are various types of clamps. Worth noting is that C-Clamps are sometimes called G-clamps because when the screw part is clamped on the C, it forms a letter G.
It usually has a screw that fits on one end and is for adjusting the size of the clamp to fit many different sizes of wood. The screw passes from the end to the tip of the clamp.
The capacity of a C-Clamp depends on its size. The screw is adjusted by turning it to achieve the pressure that is desired. After working, the clamp is released from the wood by loosening the screw.
When working with a C-Clamp, you have to avoid applying too much pressure to avoid marring or causing indentations on the wood surfaces.You can use two pieces of scrap wood to provide a buffer between the wood and the clamp to avoid direct contact of the wood and the clamp.
2. Miter Clamp
A Miter clamp is a common woodworking clamp. It functions by holding two pieces of wood at a miter joint which is a 90 degrees angle. The two pieces of wood being held together usually have 45-degree angles and when joined together they form a corner of 90 degrees.
Miter clamps are for assembling picture frames and other such like wood objects. When buying a meter clamp, you will most likely receive a miter spring plier which is for holding the two sides of the clamp together when the miter clamp is not in use. There are different designs of miter clamps but they work more or less in the same way.
3. Pipe Clamp
Pipe clamps are designed to produce an enormous amount of pressure and are for heavy duty clamping. Carpenters use them for holding large objects like wooden doors and tables.
A pipe clamp is a three-piece tool. There are two jaws plus a pipe. The two jaws are referred to as the head stock and tail stock fixture.
The head stock and tail stock are joined together by a pipe. The best-designed pipe clamps are easy to adjust and fit securely on the pipe. Sometimes the pipe is sold separately from the two jaws.
Also, some pipe clamps are designed with fixtures to prevent them from sliding from the pipe.The length of the pipe determines what length of object it can clamp. Some woodworkers use couplings to extend the length of the pipe by connecting several pipes.
4. Ratchet-Action Bar Clamps
Carpenter us Ratchet action bar clamps for clamping objects that have irregular shapes. Ratchet action bar clamps secure the work piece by their band. The clamps are gentle and rarely destroy wood during clamping.The capacity of a ratchet action bar clamp depends on the length of the band.
5. Spring Clamps
Springs clamps are also referred to as pinch clamps. They function the way clothes’pins (pegs) function. woodwork professional use them for doing small works and repairs. They have two jaws which are separated by squeezing the two handles.
Some manufacturers design jaws with rubber pads which serve to protect the surfaces they are holding from being marred. You should never use Spring clamps when working on softwood.
6. Handscrew Clamp
Although most clamps are made from metal or plastic, however, a Handscrew Clamp is made from wood with metallic jaw fittings. A Handscrew Clamp is very similar in function to a C-clamp and sometimes they refer to it as a toolmaker's clamp.
A Handscrew Clamp works best in clamping tasks requiring a lot of pressure. The clamp features dual threaded rod handles and two strong metallic or wooden jaws.The pressure is applied on the rod handles.
You can use it for clamping small and large pieces of wood. Handscrew clamps rarely damage workpieces because the holding parts are wooden.
7. Bench Clamps
Bench clamps are common as a benchtop clamping tool. They function by holding objects to the workbench. They make assembling tasks easy and are suitable for clamping objects of different thickness.
They are named F-Clamps because of their F-Shape. F-Clamps work like C-clamps but they have a bigger capacity because they have a wider throat. They are also referred to as bar clamps or speed clamps.
An F-clamp serves the purpose of gluing or screwing two pieces of wood. They are called speed clamps because they are also used for lifting tasks.They are adjustable and you can use them for clamping small or large objects.
9. Deep Throat Bar Clamps
Deep throat bar clamps combine the features of a pipe clamp and C-clamp. They can stretch like pipe clamps and they have a deep reach like a C-clamp.
The best design of Deep Throat Bar Clamps will first, hold the workpieces firm without slipping. Secondly, the jaws have a zinc finish to prevent scratching of the wood.
Clamps are vital woodworking tools. However, there are so many types of clamps that a carpenter cannot invest in all of them.Other types of woodworking clamps you will find in the market include parallel clamps, sash clamps, web clamps, edge clamps, and cabinetry clamps.